According to the tables in our design regulations, the possibilities for nail sizes and lengths in building timber-to-timber connections are almost endless, and engineers may be tempted to just select a diameter and length at random to obtain the specified capacity. Most new timber-to-timber connections are made using a nail gun; thus, regardless of the Engineer’s drawing specifications, the nails actually utilised on the job site will be those that fit in the nail gun. It is reasonable, given the productivity boost and other benefits of nail guns over hand nailing, for us Structural Engineers to ensure that the techniques and fixes we describe are consistent with those actually used on the job site.
Heads of nails:
Flat heads:Generally speaking, the norm. Its exposed head sits on the nail-covered tabletop. Aside from being a formidable hitting surface, the head also provides a firmer grip.
Checkered flat heads:Designed with a gridlike pattern to reduce the possibility of slippage while hammering at an angle.
Countersunk heads:have a conical form that allows them to be hidden under the surface by being countersunk or pushed down. A drywall nail’s cupped head has more rounded edges than a finishing nail’s, which may make the latter seem like a saucer.
Nail points:Nails with blunt tips take more work to drive in, but they are less effective at preventing wood from cracking.
The diamond tips of most common nails are gently rounded off, making them suitable for everyday usage.
Like a needle’s point, a long diamond point may penetrate drywall without cracking the material.
Nails with a blunt tip are often recommended for use in hardwood floors.
Nail shanks:The traditional nail has a brilliant, or smooth, shank, however this has been modified to provide more stability.
Ring shank nails, also known as annular ring nails, feature a series of elevated rings around the shaft that compress wood fibres, making them more difficult to take out of soft and medium-density wood.
The pattern on barbed shanks is made specifically for working with thick timbers.
Spiral shanks are helix-shaped, so twisting them into the wood secures them.
Some masonry nails include fluted or knurled threads to lessen the likelihood of breaking.
Nail coatings:Most nails are not coated, however others have lubricants applied to the shank to make driving easier or strengthening the grip.
Nails may be protected against rust with the use of a technique called galvanization.
Coating anything with cement makes it more stable.
Some nails have a vinyl coating to make them more durable and simpler to drive.
Collated nails:Nails for nail guns come in coils or strips that are kept together with glue, plastic tape, or paper tape.
These strips may be used with many different kinds of nails and are designed to fit into the nail gun’s magazine so that air-powered nailers can quickly drive nails.
Tips For Using Collated Nails
- Drilling a pilot hole before driving a nail into harder woods or the end of a piece of wood will help prevent the wood from splitting.
- Flip the nail over and hit it with the hammer a few times to dull the point. Nails with a blunt tip are more difficult to drive, but they don’t crack wood as easily.
- The wood grain is locked in place by nails pushed through it or perpendicular to it. Drive your nails along the grain for easier removal.
- Use aluminium nails, which are even more resistant to rust than rust-resistant finishes, if you’re worried about rust damaging your nails. In most cases, they will be attached to aluminium siding or screening. To prevent the nails from rusting or breaking when hammered into cedar or redwood, use stainless steel nails. The wood won’t become streaked or stained, either.
- To prevent the wood from splitting as a result of the added stress, avoid driving nails along the same grain line.
- When hammering a nail into masonry, goggles are a must.
- Learning about the different kinds of nails and how they’re used can help you pick the right ones for your project, which could end up saving you time and money. Do you require assistance in determining the nature of a nail? Using The Home Depot Mobile App’s image search, you can locate goods quickly. Simply take a photo of a product you like, and we’ll provide suggestions that are similar.